Δεκεμβρίου 08, 2016

ΠΝΕΥΜΟΝΙΟΚΟΚΚΙΚΟ ΕΜΒΟΛΙΟ ΚΑΙ ΡΙΝΟΦΑΡΥΓΓΙΚΗ ΦΟΡΙΑ


Τέθηκε η ερώτηση:

Μειώνει το πνευμονιοκοκκικό εμβόλιο τη φορία στον ρινοφάρυγγα;


Σαφώς και τη μειώνει. Αυτό είναι ένα από τα πλεονεκτήματα του εμβολίου έναντι των απλών πολυσακχαριδικών εμβολίων.


Αν δούμε όμως πιο σφαιρικά το θέμα, ο καθολικός εμβολιασμός κατά του πνευμονιοκόκκου δεν μετέβαλλε το συνολικό ποσοστό φορίας. Ν
αι μεν μείωσε τη φορία των οροτύπων του μικροβίου, αύξησε όμως τη φορία από ορότυπους εκτός εμβολίου. 

UptoDate, 2016


Δεκεμβρίου 07, 2016

ΜΕΛΕΤΗ-1


Ανώνυμα σχόλια δεν δημοσιεύονται - γνωστό αυτό. Ωστόσο, αναρτώ ένα τμήμα σχολίου που μου στάλθηκε για την ανάρτηση "ΜΕΛΕΤΗ" της 19-11-2016, ως παράδειγμα ότι πολυάριθμοι συγγραφείς υπάρχουν και στην ιατρική (το άρθρο της προηγούμενης ανάρτησης αφορούσε τη Φυσική).

Πράγματι έχει ενδιαφέρον η περιπλάνηση στη βιβλιογραφία. Όσο πολλοί κι αν είναι οι ασθενείς μιας μελέτης, δεν μπορεί να είναι τόσοι οι συγγραφείς. Συγγραφέας λογίζεται αυτός που έχει λάβει  όλα τα δεδομένα, τα αναλύει, βγάζει συμπεράσματα και τα συγγράφει. Αυτοί που δίνουν ένα φάρμακο στον ασθενή, κρατάνε κάποια στοιχεία και τα αποστέλλουν στην κεντρική ομάδα, δεν μπορεί να θεωρηθούν συγγραφείς. Απλά θα πρέπει να ανφέρονται ως συνεργάτες μιας μελέτης. Το φαινόμενο είναι διεθνές.

Design and Baseline Characteristics of a Study of Primary Prevention of Coronary Events With Pravastatin Among Japanese With Mildly Elevated Cholesterol Levels / Circ J 2004; 68: 860 –867


Appendix 2 Steering Committee: Nakamura H, Arakawa K, Itakura H, Kitabatake A, Goto Y, Saito Y, Toyota T, Nakaya N, Nishimoto S, Yamamoto A, Muranaka M. Data Reviewing Committee: Nakamura H, Saito Y, Nakaya N, Yamamoto A, Ishikawa T. Endpoint Committee: Doba N, Fukuuchi Y. Data Safety and Monitoring Committee: Kikuchi S, Shibata Y, Shimada K, Nakamura K, Fujita T, Yokoyama S. The MEGA study group (*Committee member) Hokkaido District (142): Abe T, Abiru M*, Adachi T, Aizawa H, Akutsu M, Aoki K, Aoki S, Ato K, Bekki E, Fujii S, Fujii W, Fujikane T, Fujita K, Fujita T, Goto S, Haneda T, Hasebe N*, Hasegawa A, Hashimoto A, Hayasaka T, Hirata H, Hyuuga M, Ibayashi Y, Ide H, Iida Y, Inoue N, Inui N, Ishida N, Ishii J, Itaya H, Ito H, Ito J, Ito K, Ito Y, Itoh H, Iwashima Y*, Kakinoki S*, Kamigaki M, Kamoi K, Kato N, Kihara A, Kikuchi K*, Kimura T, Kitabatake A*, Kobayashi T, Kobayashi T, Kodama T, Komatsu H, Komori K, Kondo A, Kurihara Y, Kuroda R, Maeda I, Makiguchi M, Makimura S, Makino T, Maruyama J, Masukawa S, Matsuo H, Migita N, Miyashita K, Miyazawa K, Mizutani M*, Momose H, Morimoto H, Morioka M, Morita K, Nagai K, Nagashima K, Nakagawa N, Nakamura T, Nawate S, Nishiie K, Nishino T, Numazawa K, Obara A, Ogawa S, Oimatsu H*, Okada H, Okada K, Okada T, Okamoto K, Ommura H, Omura Y, Onodera Y, Ooiwa H, Ota Y, Otsubo M, Ozaki T, Saito H, Sakamoto H, Sakuma I*, Sato A, Sato H*, Sato I, Sato K, Sato M, Sato Y, Sato Y, Sekiguchi M, Senga K, Shibata S, Shikano Y*, Shimamoto K*, Shimizu H, Shinano H, Shinohara M, Shogase T*, Shudo H, Sugata T, Suzuki A, Suzuki M, Tabata H, Tagami S, Taguchi A, Takahashi D, Takahashi K, Takahashi T, Takao K, Takayanagi N, Takeda H, Takenaka T, Takigami Y*, Takizawa Y, Tani M, Tobise K, Tomita K, Tsubokura T, Tsujisaki M*, Tsukamoto T, Uchiyama M, Uchiyama S, Ueda T, Uehara Y, Ura N*, Yamashita H, Yokota H, Yokota T, Yoshida I, Yoshida K, Yoshimura H, Yoshizawa T. Tohoku District (208): Abe K*, Abe S, Abe Y, Abukawa T, Aida M, Ajihara T, Akino Y, Akitsuki T, Akutsu K, Anzai H, Asakura T, Ataka Y, Baba T*, Eguchi H, Fukui A*, Fukushima M, Funada K, Fushimi E, Goto Y, Haga E, Hara M, Haraguchi M, Haruyama T, Hashimoto S*, Hayasaka K, Hayashi M, Hayashi T, Hiramori K*, Hirasawa Y, Hirosaka A*, Hitomi H, Horino Y, Ikeda K, Ikeda K, Ikeda M, Iriyama S, Ishigaki Y, Management of Elevated Cholesterol Among Japanese 865 Circulation Journal Vol.68, September 2004 Ishii R, Ishikawa K*, Ito N, Ito S*, Ito S*, Ito T, Kagaya Y*, Kaiyama H, Kakizaki M, Kamata T, Kanazawa A, Kanazawa M, Kanazawa Y, Kanno M, Kasai Y, Kato K*, Katono E, Kawamura M, Kawashima S, Kibira S*, Kikuchi H, Kikuchi J, Kikuchi M, Kikuchi T, Kimura H, Kimura H, Kimura K, Kimura M, Kitada T, Kitagawa M, Kohzuki M, Komatsu N, Komatsu T, Kosokabe H, Kubo N, Kubota I*, Kubota Y, Kudo K, Kusano Y, Kushibiki H, Machii K, Maehara K*, Maruyama Y*, Masuda M, Matsuda G, Matsuhashi A, Matsuoka H, Matsuoka S, Meguro H*, Meguro Y, Midorikawa S, Mikuniya A, Minami O, Misawa S, Mitsugi M, Miura H, Miura M*, Miyabe S, Miyazaki Y, Murakoshi H, Muroi S, Nakahata H, Nakajima J, Nakajima N, Nakanishi T, Nakano J, Nakazato K, Nakazono M, Namekawa G, Nemoto T, Nishimura S, Nishiyama A, Nogae I, Nunokawa T, Ogawa A, Ogawa A, Ohnuma H, Ohtomo E, Ohwada T, Oikawa M, Oikawa S, Oizumi H, Oka Y*, Okano T, Okuguchi F, Okumura K*, Omata K*, Ono K, Ono T, Ono Y, Oriso S, Osanai T*, Otsuka K, Owada K, Owada M, Sagara M, Saito K, Saito K, Saito M, Sakamoto M, Sakauchi Y, Sano R, Sasaki A, Sasaki M*, Sasaki Y, Sato M, Sato S, Sato S, Sato S, Sato T, Satoh J*, Seki H, Seki K, Seki N, Sekikawa A, Shiga N, Shiga Y, Shimizu T, Shindo J, Shinzawa H, Shirata A, Shirato K*, Shishido Y, Suda T*, Suzuki A, Suzuki F, Suzuki H, Suzuki H, Suzuki N, Suzuki Y, Taira K, Takagi H, Takahashi A, Takahashi H, Takahashi K, Takahashi K, Takahashi S, Takeda H, Takeda H, Takeuchi K*, Tamasawa N*, Tamura Y, Taneda Y, Tani M, Tominaga Y, Tomoike H*, Toyota T*, Tsukahara Y, Tsunoda K, Ube K, Uehara O, Uemura T, Ueno A, Ueshima K*, Umemura S, Wakamatsu H, Watanabe R, Watanabe T*, Yabe R, Yabuki T, Yamada K, Yamada Z, Yamaki M, Yamaki S, Yamamoto H, Yamane K, Yamane K, Yamazaki T, Yokoshima T, Yoshino M, Yuuki K. Tokyo District (521): Abe D, Abe M, Abe R, Aikawa J, Akaishi M*, Akanuma M, Akashi T, Amaki S, Aoyama N, Arakawa K, Araki Y, Araki Y, Arao M, Asai K, Asano H, Ashino S, Atarashi H, Atarashi K, Awata T, Ayaori M, Baba A, Ban T, Bujo H, Chiba A, Doba N*, Ebara F, Ebara T, Ebisuno M, Eida K, Emoto N, Endo K, Endo T, Endo T, Endo Y, Etou K, Fujimori S, Fujimoto K, Fujioka M, Fujioka T, Fujishiro K, Fujita H, Fujita M, Fujita S, Fujita T*, Fujita Y, Fukuma N, Fukuma Y, Fukumoto M, Fukuo Y, Funatsu K, Furutani N, Geshi E, Haketa A, Hamamoto H, Hamana G, Han A, Handa S, Handa Y, Hara H, Hara H, Hara T, Hara Y, Harada Y, Hasegawa A, Hashida J, Hashiguchi S, Hashimoto Y, Hata S, Hatano T, Hayakawa A, Hayama N, Hayama T, Hayashi K, Hayashi M, Hayashi R, Hayashi T, Hayashi Y, Hibio S, Hida S, Hiejima K, Higano H, Higashi K, Hikita M, Hiramatsu M, Hiramoto Y, Hirano T*, Hirayama Y, Hiroi N, Hirose K, Hirose W, Hisada T, Hisamitsu S*, Hiyoshi T, Hiyoshi Y, Hojoh M, Homori M, Honda H, Hongo K, Honma H, Hosoya J, Hosoya T, Houjo K, Ibuki C, Ichiba K, Ichiba T, Ichikawa S, Ikeda M, Ikehata N, Ikejiri A, Ikemoto S, Iketani T, Ikewaki K, Imai T, Imaizumi T, Imamura M, Imamura Y, Inami S, Inamura T, Ino T, Inoue M, Inoue M, Inoue S, Inoue T, Isaka T, Ishibashi F, Ishibashi K, Ishibashi T, Ishida M, Ishii H, Ishii H, Ishikawa M, Ishikawa M, Ishikawa T*, Ishimaru Y, Ishiyama T, Isoda K, Isogai Y, Itakura H*, Ito H*, Ito H, Ito K, Ito R, Ito S, Ito S, Ito T, Ito Y, Iwamoto N, Kaga F, Kageyama A, Kageyama S, Kaiho T, Kaizuka H, Kamada F, Kamata T, Kamba M, Kamon H, Kanae K, Kanazawa A, Kanazawa M, Kaneko K, Kariya T, Kashiwado M, Kashiwagi H, Kashiwazaki K, Kashiwazaki K, Kasuya H, Kato H, Kato S, Kato T, Kato T, Katoh T, Katsumi T, Kawaguchi H, Kawai M, Kawakami M*, Kawamura M, Kawamura M, Kawana M, Kawano E, Kawano M, Kawasaki Y, Kawazu S, Kijima F, Kikkawa K, Kikuchi Y, Kinoshita H, Kinoshita M, Kishida H, Kishida T, Kitajima W, Kiyomi S, Kobayashi M, Kobayashi N, Kobayashi Y, Kobayashi Y, Kodani E, Kofune T, Kohashi E, Koide N, Koike K, Koizumi K, Komi R, Komuro I, Kondo S, Kono T, Koto F, Kubo A, Kuboki M, Kubota M, Kubota T, Kubouchi Y, Kumagai Y, Kurata H, Kuroda T, Kurokawa M, Kurumatani H, Kusama Y, Kushida M, Kushiro T*, Kusuhara M, Kuwahara K, Kuwaki K, Maekawa H, Mamura M, Maruyama J, Maruyama T, Maruyama Y, Maruyama Y, Masabayashi H, Mashiko S, Masuda A, Masuda M, Masuo M, Matsumoto M, Matsumura Y, Matsushima M, Matsuura H, Matsuyama K, Matsuzaki T, Mikami K, Miki S, Mitsubayashi H, Mituhashi R, Miyaji Y, Miyake Y, Miyamoto S, Miyanaga T*, Miyashita Y, Miyatake Y, Miyazaki S, Mizobuchi K, Mizokami T, Mizuno K*, Mizuno O, Mori I, Mori K, Morita H, Morita Y, Moritani S, Morooka S, Murakawa Y, Murano S, Nagakura H, Nagano S, Naganuma Y, Nagasawa K*, Nagayama M, Naito H, Nakajima H, Nakajima K, Nakamoto K, Nakamura K*, Nakamura A, Nakamura H*, Nakamura K, Nakamura N, Nakano H, Nakaya N*, Nakayama K, Nakayama K, Nakazato H, Naruse K, Naruse M, Nemoto M, Niitsu Y, Niitsuma T, Nishida T, Nishikawa H, Nishimura G, Nishimura R, Nishimura Y, Nishio E, Nishiwaki M, Nishiyama A, Nishiyama J, Nishiyama K, Nishiyama T, Noda H, Nomoto M, Nomura A, Notoya Y, Nozawa K, Numano F, Numano F, Obata T, Ogata E, Ogata K, Ogata N, Ogawa K, Ogawa M, Ogawa T, Ogita K, Ogiwara M, Ogura H, Ohashi Y*, Ohba T, Ohno A, Ohta M, Oi K, Oka M, Okai M, Okazaki F, Okimoto T, Okuda K, Okuni S, Onikura S, Ono N, Ono S, Ono Y, Osuga E, Osuzu F*, Ota M, Ota Y, Otsuka M, Otsuka T, Otsuka Y, Oyama N, Oyama N, Oyama R, Oyama T, Ozawa K, Ozawa S, Rakue H, Saiki A, Saito F, Saito T, Saito T, Saito T, Saito Y*, Saitoh H, Sakai H, Sakai S, Sakai T, Sakamoto N, Sakamoto Y*, Sakurai T, Sano H, Sano J, Sano M, Sano R, Sasaki H, Sasaki T*, Sato H, Sato H, Sato K, Sawada S, Sawashige K, Segawa K, Segawa Y, Seimiya K, Seino Y, Sekine M, Sekine N, Sekine S, Senzui M, Shige H, Shimada A, Shimada H, Shimada H*, Shimada M, Shimai S, Shimizu M, Shimokado K, Shinohara Y, Shioiri K, Shirabe S, Shirai K*, Shiratori Y, Shoda T, Shuto H, Soeda H, Someya Y, Sonoda M, Soya N, Suda A, Sugawara H, Sugii Y, Sumi T, Suzukawa M, Suzuki K, Suzuki K, Suzuki S, Suzuki T, Suzuki T, Tada N*, Tadera M, Taguchi H, Taguchi M, Tahara K, Taira K, Tajima N*, Takahashi A, Takahashi K, Takahashi N, Takahashi S, Takahashi Y, Takamura H, Takanashi H, Takano M, Takano T*, Takao T, Takata Y, Takayama E, Takayama M, Takazawa K*, Takazawa M, Take C, Takeda H, Takeda K, Takeda N, Takegawa S, Takei H, Takei I, Takeichi M, Tamachi H, Tamano Y, Tamura K, Tamura T, Tanaga K, Tanaka A, Tanaka A, Tanaka H, Tanaka K, Tanaka N, Tanaka S, Tani M, Taniguchi K, Taniguchi Y, Tazawa K, Terakado S, Teramoto T*, Teraoka K, Tohyama Y, Tojo K, Tokuyama Y, Tomaru A, Tomichi N, Tomimura M, Tomiyasu K, Tomono M, Tsai RC, Tsubaki H*, Tsuchiya T, Tsuji M*, Tsukada Y, Tsuruoka A, Tsuyuguchi M, Uchida Y, Uchiyama T*, Ueda Y, Uehara Y, Ueki A*, Uemura R, Ueno K, Uetsuka Y, Ui S, Ushiyama H, Usui M, Utsumi H, Utsunomiya K, Wakata N, Warabi H, Watanabe I, Yagi H, Yagura M, Yakubo S, Yamada S, Yamaguchi I, Yamaguchi T, Yamakado M, Yamamoto T, Yamanaka H, Yamane Y, Yamasaki K, Yamashita M, Yamashita T, Yamashita T, Yamazaki J, Yamazaki K, Yanagisawa A, Yanagisawa M, Yanagisawa Y, Yano H, Yashima M, Yo S, Yokota K, Yokota T, Yokoyama J, Yokoyama S, Yomogita S, Yonemura A, Yoshida F, Yoshida H, Yoshida M, Yoshimatsu Y, Yoshino G*, Yoshioka K, Yoshitake N, Yoshizawa N, Yoshizawa N, Yumikura S. Kanagawa District (196): Abe Y, Amitani K, Aonuma K, Arai K, Arata N, Ashikaga T, Ban K, Beppu H, Chiguchi M, Chikazoe T, Deguchi Y, Endo K, Endo Y, Fujikura S, Fujino T, Fukushima F, Fusegawa Y, Genka C, Hachiya H, Haga T, Hagiwara T, Handa M, Hara F, Hara M, Hatori Y, Hayashi H, Higuchi Y, Hirao K, Hirata N, Hirota H, Homma J, Homma Y, Hoshiba Y, Igarashi M, Ikeda Y, Inada M, Inada N, Iseki H, Ishigami M, Itani O, Ito H, Iwahara S, Iwamoto T, Iwata A, Jin Y, Kagyo H, Kaneko N, Kanemoto N, Kaneshiro M, Kano H, Kanouchi T, Kato J, Kato K, Kawata T, Kimu J, Kobayashi A, Kobori Y, Koga I, Koike J, Koizumi M, Korenaga M, Kubota K, Kudo T, Kuji N, Kumagai K, Kuniyoshi T, Kurihara K, Kuroda M, Kuroki S, Kushida Y, Kushikata Y, Kuwabara M, Maeba T, Maeda T, Masuda Y, Masumoto T, Matsuda H, Matsumoto T, Matsuzaki M, Mikawa T, Mineki H, Miwa W, Miyajima E, Miyake F, Miyamoto K, Miyao H, Miyazaki H, Miyazaki N, Miyazaki S, Moriyama M, Munakata K, Muraiso T, Murakami S, Murakami T, Muranaka M*, Murasawa T, Nagaoka S, Nagase H, Nagashima J, Naka Y, Nakajima S, Nakajima T, Nakamura T, Nakamura T, Nakao K, Nakayama M*, Nakazawa K, Namiki M, Narita N, Nasu Y, Nimura I, Nishida A, Nishikawa T, Nobuoka S, Nomura Y, Noto M, O J, Oguma T, Ohmura K, Oikawa S, Oishi T, Okada H, Okamatsu K, Okubo Y, Omori N, Omura M, Ori M, Osako K, Osako R, Owada S, Ozawa K, Ryuzaki M, Saito J, Saito K, Saito S, Saito T, Saito T, Saito Y, Sato A, Sato K, Sato T, Sato T, Seki H, Seto K, Shibamoto M, Shiina Y, Shoda M, Sogo Y, Suzuki K, Suzuki Y, Syoji T, Tada H, Taguchi J, Takada I, Takahashi N, Takahashi Y, Takamura T, Takao Y, Takeyoshi Y, Takigawa O, Tamura S, Tanaka H, Tanaka J, Tanaka S, Terada H, Tochihara T, Tohyama S, Tohyo S, Tokui M, Tomoda H, Toyama K, Toyoda K, Tsunashima K, Uchida T, Uchida T, Umemura S*, Umezawa S, Umezawa T, Watanabe T, Watanabe T, Yamada Y, Yamagami J, Yamaguchi T, Yamanaka K, Yamaoka S, Yamauchi Y, Yamazaki K, Yamazaki Y, Yasuda G, Yasuda T, Yokoyama Y, Yorozuya M, Yoshida M, Yoshimura N, Yoshimura N, Yoshitake M. Kitakanto Koshinetsu District (198): Aizawa T, Aizawa Y*, Akutsu H, Akutsu T, Ando T, Aoyagi K, Arai K, Arakawa M*, Arisaka H, Banba N, Fujieda K, Fujiwara H, Fujiwara Y, Fukuuchi Y*, Furuno I, Gejyo F*, Godo M, Goto K, Goto M, Hama H, Handa Y, Hatano T, Hattori N, Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Hayata H, Hirahara K, Hirayama K, Hirayama S, Hirono O, Hoshiyama M, Ichikawa S, Iijima H, Inomata A, Inoue K, Ishihara M, Ishikawa M, Ishikawa M, Ishikawa M, Ishikawa S, Ishikawa Y, Ito N, Ito Y, Iwamae S, Iwasaki S, Kado S, Kageyama Y, Kakishita H, Kamei T, Kamiyama K, Kanazawa H, Kaneko T, Kasai G, Kasai K*, Kase H, Kato T, Katsura Y, Kawada K, Kawai H, Kawai Y, Kawakami Y, Kawashima S, Kawauchi A, Kayanuma K, Kimura Y, Kobayashi K, Kobayashi T, Komori S, Komuro F, Koro T, Koshizuka M, Koyama A*, Koyata H, Kurabayashi T, Kurihara M, Kuroda H, Machida M, Maeda K, Matsumoto R, Matsumura M, Matsushima T, Matsushita H, Mimura A, Miyajima S, Miyazaki M, Mizutani M, Mori K, Mori M*, Mori Y, Morita E, Morohashi H, Motohashi S, Murakami Y, Murata M, Murayama J, Murayama N, Murayama Y, Nagai A, Nagai T, Nagano T, Nagase S, 866 MEGA Study Group Circulation Journal Vol.68, September 2004 Nagashima T, Nagata K, Nagato T, Nagumo H, Naka M, Nakagawa 0, Nakagawa M, Nakamaru T, Nakazawa A, Narita I, Nawa T, Nezu M, Nishi S, Nishino H, Noda Y, Noritake M, Oba S, Oguchi H, Oguchi S, Okabe A, Okada K, Okada S, Okajima H, Okayasu T, Okoshi T, Okubo M, Okuda Y, Osada K, Osawa Y, Osonoi T, Owada A, Oya M, Oya S, Ozaki H, Saeki M, Saito A, Saito M, Saito T, Saito Y, Saji M, Sakata I, Sasagawa Y, Sato K, Sato K, Sato N, Seguchi H, Shimada K*, Shimano H, Shimazaki K, Shimizu H, Shimizu Y, Shimotori T, Shionoiri F, Shitara M, Suda H, Sugamata S, Sugaya T, Sugimoto K, Suzuki H, Suzuki S, Suzuki Y, Suzuki Y, Takagi T, Takahashi A, Takahashi M, Takahashi S, Takahashi S, Takamatsu M, Takatama M, Takayama Y, Takei K, Takenaga K, Takizawa S, Tanabe H, Tanaka K, Tani M, Taya T, Tomita M, Tomono S, Toyoda T, Tsurushima Y, Tsutsui M, Ueda Y, Ueno M, Ushiyama K, Watanabe K, Watanabe T, Watanabe Y, Yamada N*, Yamagata K, Yamane Y, Yamashita N, Yato S, Yazawa Y, Yokoyama A, Yokoyama M, Yonezawa T, Yoshida J. Tokai District (339): Abo Y, Adachi M, Akahoshi M, Aoi N, Aoki M, Arai T, Asai M, Asano K, Azuma H, Baba M, Chimori K, Deguchi K, Eguchi T, Endo S, Enomoto N, Fujihata T, Fujii E, Fujimoto N, Fujioka M, Fujita K, Fujiwara H*, Goto N, Haga T, Hanaki Y, Haruta J, Hasegawa H, Hasegawa H, Hasegawa M, Hasegawa R, Hattori H, Hattori J, Hattori Y, Hattori Y, Hayakawa K, Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Hayashi T, Hibi N, Hieda N, Hikita H, Hirai M*, Hiramitsu S, Hirano T*, Hirano Y, Hirayama H, Hirota H, Hishida H*, Hori Y, Horie K, Hoshino T, Ichida S, Ichikawa T, Iguchi A*, Iida K, Ikeda K, Ikeda N, Imaeda K, Inaba N, Inaguma D, Inoue K, Io K, Isaka N*, Ishiguro M, Ishiguro T, Ishihara H, Ishii J, Ishikura N*, Ishizaki S, Isobe S, Itatsu T, Ito A*, Ito H, Ito H, Ito I, Ito J, Ito T, Ito Y, Itoh M, Iwasaki Y, Iwasaki Y, Iwase M, Jinno M, Jinno Y, Kabasawa H, Kakehi H, Kambara K, Kamiya H, Kamiya H, Kamiya M, Kamiya T, Kaneda N, Kani A, Kato K, Kato N, Kato N, Kato R, Kato T, Kato T, Kato Y, Kato Y, Katsumata H, Kawabe T, Kawada T, Kawakami K, Kawase K, Kayama M, Kikuchi S*, Kimura G*, Kimura N, Kin Y, Kinoshita M, Kobayashi T*, Koda A, Koga M, Koie S, Koike T, Kojima H, Kojima S*, Komata R, Kondo J, Kondo K, Kondo T, Kongo M, Kosaki T, Kumon S*, Kuraki T, Kurita T, Kuroda M, Kurokawa H, Kusakabe A, Kushima M, Kushimoto H, Kuzuya M*, Makino K, Mase M, Masuda Y, Masuoka H, Matsubara T*, Matsubara T, Matsuki T, Matsunami T, Matsuoka A, Matsushima Y, Matsuura R, Matsuyama H, Minagawa T, Minami M, Minami N, Minatoguchi S, Miura Y, Miwa M, Miyabe H, Miyagi Y, Miyata H, Miyata M, Mizuno G, Mizuno M, Mizuno R, Mizuno Y, Mizutani K, Mokuno T, Mori H, Mori H, Mori N*, Mori N, Mori S, Mori T, Mori Y, Mori Y, Morimoto S*, Morita H, Motai Y, Mukawa H, Murakami K, Murase M, Murata K, Nagaoka N, Nagasaka A, Nagata M, Naito A, Naito M, Nakae M, Nakahara K, Nakajima S, Nakamura H*, Nakamura S, Nakamura T, Nakano H, Nakano K*, Nakano T*, Nakazawa K, Narumi J, Naruse H, Niinomi M*, Nishikawa H, Nishikawa M, Nishimura H, Nishimura K, Nishino M, Niwa H, Nogimori T, Nomura M, Nonoda K, Obe T, Ogawa H, Ohashi H*, Ohashi N, Ohtsuki M, Oishi M, Okada M, Okada M, Okamoto N*, Okamoto R, Okamoto S, Okamoto Y, Oki T*, Okinaka T, Okuma T, Okumura A, Okumura K*, Ono J, Ono M*, Onodera T, Osugi K, Osugi S, Oya T, Oyama K, Ri Y, Saito S, Sakagami M, Sakakibara M, Sakakura K, Sakata K, Sakuma N*, Samejima Y, Sano H, Sano T*, Sarai M, Sasai K, Sassa H*, Sawai Y, Shimaji T, Shimaji Y, Shimano S, Shimauchi A, Shimizu A, Shimizu M, Shin K, Shiraki S, Sone T*, Suga T, Sugata Y*, Sugimoto Y, Sugimura Y, Sugiura A, Sugiyama S, Sumida Y, Suwaki T, Suzuki A, Suzuki K, Suzumura Y, Taira A, Takada N, Takada N, Takahama S, Takahashi R, Takase K, Takashima M, Takatsu H, Takaya T, Takayama S, Takeda N, Takeda N, Takizawa A, Tameda Y, Taminato T, Tanaka H, Tanaka S, Tanaka T, Tanaka Y, Tatsuta Y, Terada H, Toba T, Tokita Y, Tokunaga K, Tomihara H, Tomita M, Tomita M, Tomita Y, Torigoe M, Torikai K, Tozaki T, Tsuboi H, Tsuchiya A, Tsukamoto T, Tsukiyama K, Tsuyuki M, Ueda M, Uemura A, Uranishi H, Urano O, Urushida T, Wakida Y, Watanabe A, Watanabe E, Watanabe G, Watanabe S*, Watanabe Y, Yamada K, Yamada N, Yamada Y, Yamagata K, Yamamori I, Yamamoto M, Yamamoto N, Yamamoto T, Yamamoto Y, Yamana T, Yamashita M, Yamauchi T, Yamazaki A, Yamazaki K, Yamazaki M, Yano Y, Yasuda K, Yasuda Y*, Yasui T, Yokoi H, Yokoi Y, Yokoyama N, Yokoyama S*, Yoneyama S, Yoshida J, Yoshida M, Yoshida S, Yoshikane M, Yoshikane M, Yoshimura H, Yoshioka S. Kansai District (246): Adachi M, Akiyama H, Akiyama I, Amano K, Amano M, Anaguchi R, Aoki N*, Arako M, Asada K, Asakuma S, Ashida K, Awata N*, Chiba H, Chimori Y, Chinzei T*, Ekawa K, Fujimoto M, Fujimura Y, Fujioka Y*, Fujiwara M, Fukunaga H, Fukuoka Y, Fuseno H, Hachiya T, Harada H, Harada-Shiba M, Harano A, Harano Y*, Hasegawa T, Hashimoto K, Hashimoto S, Hashimoto T, Hasuike N, Hayashi H, Haze K, Hino M, Hirai T, Hirano H, Hiura Y, Horibe I, Hoshida S, Hosoai H, Hosoi F, Hozumi T, Hyodo E, Ichida K, Ida T, Idogaki A, Iharada Y, Iida M, Ikeda H, Ikeoka K, Imamura M, Imbe H, Inagaki K, Inoue M, Ishigami H, Ishihara K, Ishii T, Ishikawa H, Ishitani K, Isotani H, Iwamoto K, Iwasaka T*, Iwasaki T*, Jiko H, Jikuhara T, Kadoya Y, Kajikawa K, Kamihata H, Kano Y, Kashiwagi Y, Kasuga M*, Kawamori D, Kawarabayashi T*, Kazumi T*, Kimura Y, Kishida O, Kishitani Y, Kitagaki Y, Kitagawa Y, Kitaoka H*, Kobatake T, Kobayashi S, Kobayashi T, Kobayashi Y, Kodama N, Koh H, Koida S, Kondo T, Korenori S, Kosaki A, Kosugi K, Kubota H, Kubota J, Kubota S, Kuchii M, Kumada M, Kurioka K, Maeda E*, Maeda Y, Maehashi N, Majima M, Majima T, Makimura H, Masai M, Masazumi T, Masuda K, Masuda S, Masutani M*, Matsubara H*, Matsubara N, Matsuda Y, Matsumoto A, Matsushima H, Matsuyama T, Matsuzaki K, Minami Y, Mitani K*, Miyai T, Miyakoshi K, Mori Y, Morimoto S, Morita H, Morita T, Mukohara N, Murata Y, Nagae K, Nagai T, Nagao M, Naito K*, Naka K*, Naka Y, Nakagawa T, Nakajima T, Nakamichi J, Nakamichi T, Nakamura S, Nakamura S, Nakamura T, Nakata A, Naruse H, Nishibe A, Nishibori Y, Nishimura A, Nishiuchi A, Nishiyama M, Nishizawa Y*, Nogami H, Nomura M*, Nonaka Y, Nose A, Nozaki H, Nukada T, Obana T, Ofuchi N, Ogawa W, Ohashi M, Okabayashi Y, Okahara K, Okai K, Okamoto Y, Oki C, Okigaki M, Okumachi F, Okuyama Y, Omatsu T, Omura M, Ono M, Ono Y*, Oribe T, Oshima Y, Otsuji S, Otsuka M, Otsuki T, Oyagi M, Ozawa S, Sakaguchi H, Sakamoto T, Sano H, Sato T, Sekine Y, Seo T, Shibasaki Y, Shimizu H, Shimmei H, Shiomi M, Shoji T*, Shouzu A, Sorachi K, Sugano W, Sugitani Y, Sugiura T, Suzuki M, Suzuki N, Taguchi A, Taguchi H, Takada M, Takahashi H, Takatsu Y*, Takayama Y, Takehara M, Takemura K, Takeuchi T, Takeuchi Y, Tanaka A, Tanaka H, Tanaka S*, Tanouchi J, Tarumi N, Tateyama H, Tatsumi N, Tatsuta H, Terai K, Terasaki J, Torii H, Toyoda N, Tsuda I, Tsuji H*, Tsujii S, Tsujino K, Tsuneda M, Ueda K, Ueda S, Uehara S, Uemura S, Umeda O, Ushiroyama T*, Wanaka M, Watanabe M, Watanabe N*, Yagi J, Yamada S*, Yamaguchi T, Yamamoto A*, Yamamoto A, Yamamoto J*, Yamamoto Y, Yamano S, Yamazaki Y, Yasutomi N, Yo H, Yoshida O, Yoshino F, Yuasa F, Yuba M. Keiji District (97): Akashi K, Asawa Y, Azuma A, Chikayama S, Doi K*, Fujimoto R, Fujimura H, Fujita H, Fujita J, Fujita K, Fukumoto H, Furukawa K, Hachimine H, Hasegawa G, Hata T, Hatta T, Hidaka H, Higashino K, Hirata F, Hirose K, Hyogo M, Ichida T, Ikeda Y, Ikenoue K, Imai H, Inagake H, Inoue K, Inoue N*, Inoue T, Irino J, Itoh H, Kajinami T, Kambayashi M, Kambayashi T, Kashiwagi A*, Kayawake S, Kikkawa R*, Koide M, Kojima H, Kondo M*, Konishi M, Kono S, Kuno M, Kusudo K, Manabe H, Matsuo A, Matsuoka N, Mitsunami K, Miyao K*, Miyazaki T, Miyoshi Y, Morimoto M, Nagao M, Nakagawa T, Nakajima H, Nakamura K, Nakamura K, Nakamura N, Nakanishi M, Nakano R, Nakaura M, Nishi S*, Nishino K, Nishio Y, Nishiyama A, Ogino K, Oguri S, Oishi M, Okamoto Y, Okuyama Y, Omoto K, Ono S, Onodera H, Oshima C, Sato A, Shichiri G, Shigematsu K, Shigeta H, Shimosaka Y, Sugiyama H, Suzuki E, Tamaki S, Tamura H, Tanaka T, Tanaka T, Taniguchi Y, Tokura T, Tomioka N, Tomizawa S, Ueda K, Urakaze M, Watanabe Y, Yamahara Y, Yamaoka O, Yorioka S, Yoshida T*, Yoshitake T. Chugoku District (134): Amioka H, Ata K, Ban N, Chishiro T, Egusa G*, Endo K, Eto M*, Fujii H*, Fujii T*, Fujii T, Fujita T, Hamada Y, Hasegawa K, Hattori Y, Hayashi K*, Hirata S, Hirokane Y, Hirota S*, Hori K, Inoue M, Inoue R, Ishikawa S, Ishioka T, Ito M, Iwamoto A, Iwasaki S, Iwasaki Y, Izumi S, Kahara M*, Kajikawa Y, Kajiwara K, Kaku K*, Kamisaka K, Kamiya A*, Karino T, Kassai R, Katsurada E, Kawamura T, Kazusa S, Kimura K, Kiso T, Kobayashi J, Kohno M, Koide H, Kuga Y, Kurihara N, Kusumoto T, Maesako N, Makiyama M, Matsubara K, Matsuda M, Matsuki M*, Matsumoto T, Matsuno Y, Matsushita H, Matsuura Y, Matsuzaki M*, Michihata T, Miki H, Mino Y, Mitani Y, Mitsuda H, Mitsunobu F, Miyake H, Miyake Y, Mizuno T, Murakami T, Naito M, Nakahama H, Nakamaru M, Nakamura N, Nakamura N, Nakanishi S, Nambu S, Nishida S*, Nishimura S, Norimune S, Ochi N, Oda K, Ohtani H*, Oi S, Oiwa J, Okada S, Okamoto M, Okuno T, Onoyama S, Ookuchi S, Ota T, Ozaki M, Saito M, Saito M, Sakamoto E, Sano K, Santo Y, Sasaki T, Sato S, Sato T, Sawada C, Shibata G, Shigemasa C*, Shigemoto K, Shimozaki Y, Shingu T, Shirota K, Sumii K, Sumitomo S, Tadehara F, Takao Y, Takata K, Takehisa Y*, Takeuchi T, Takeuchi Y, Teshima S, Toda H, Tsujiyama S, Tsukamoto Y, Tsutsui Y, Uchida T, Uehara S, Uehara Y, Umemoto S*, Watanabe M, Yamamoto H, Yamamoto H, Yamamoto S*, Yamauchi K, Yamawaki Y, Yamazaki J, Yoneda M, Yoshida A, Yoshida T*, Yoshikawa K, Yoshino F, Yoshitomi H. Shikoku District (73): Abe M, Akutsu H, Fujii Y, Fujikawa Y, Fujimoto H, Fujimoto S, Fujioka H, Fukuda H, Fukuyama T*, Funada J, Habara H, Hamamoto T, Hara Y, Hasegawa K, Hiasa Y, Higaki J*, Hiwada K*, Honda T, Ikeda S, Imamura Y, Jo T, Kameoka H, Kato M, Kawamura M, Kimura M*, Kohara K*, Kojima A, Makino E, Manabe K, Masugata H, Matsuo H*, Matsuoka N*, Mineoi K, Miyamoto K, Mizushige K*, Mizuta S, Murao K, Nagai T, Nakagawa H, Nishimoto H, Ochi T, Ohmori K, Ohtsuka T, Okabayashi K, Okada H, Oki Y, Okubo S, Otani T, Sakamoto S, Sasada Y, Sato M, Seida M, Senda S, Sengoku A, Shimizu I, Shirakami Management of Elevated Cholesterol Among Japanese 867 Circulation Journal Vol.68, September 2004 A, Sueda S, Suzuki M, Takada Y, Takagi Y, Takezaki M, Tanaka Y, Tsuchihashi T, Tsutsui Y, Uchida K, Ueta I*, Wada Y, Watanabe K, Watanabe K, Yabu Y, Yamamoto M, Yoshimatsu T, Yukiiri K. Kyushu District (280): Abe K, Abe N, Abe Y, Akaboshi R, Akizuki N, Amamoto T, Arakawa K*, Araki Y, Arima K, Asato H, Ashizawa N, Baba M, Biro S, Chijiwa H, Doi A, Doi N, Eguchi S, Fujimura N, Fujino M, Fujino T, Fujisawa K, Fujishima M, Fujiura Y, Fukiyama K*, Fukuda H, Fukui J, Fukushima H, Furukawa K, Furusho N, Gondo H, Goto Y, Gotoh H, Hamada H, Hamaguchi K*, Hara N, Hashimoto K, Hata S, Hayashi H, Hayashi Y, Hazuku T, Higa T, Higuchi K, Hirano J, Hisano T, Ide T, Iida K, Ikeda H*, Ikeda S, Ikeda Y*, Imamura M, Imoto N, Inada C, Inokuchi T, Inou T, Inoue J, Inoue M, Inoue M, Inoue T, Ishibatake H, Ishii Y, Itaya R, Ito A, Iwami K, Iwasaki Y, Iwata I, Jinbayashi N, Jinnouchi H, Jinnouchi T*, Kagiyama Y, Kaieda H, Kaji Y*, Kaku H, Kaku T, Kameko M, Kamido H, Kamitsuchihashi H, Kamogawa T, Kanaya S, Kariya S*, Katsuda Y, Kawabe K, Kawai H, Kawashima H, Kawazoe N, Kikuchi Y*, Kitano K, Kodama H, Kodama M, Kogawa K, Koide Y, Komiya I*, Kondo S, Koreeda N, Kouki T, Kozai T, Kubo S, Kumeda K, Kurinami S, Kusuda Y, Maki T, Makino N, Maruyama T, Masaki T, Masutomo K, Matsueda S, Matsui H, Matsumoto M, Matsumoto Y, Matsunaga T, Matsuo E*, Matsuo K, Matsuo S, Meno H, Miake S, Midorikawa K*, Mishima T*, Miyagawa A, Miyagi A, Miyahara Y, Mizukami T, Mizuki K, Mori E, Mori H, Mori T, Mori T, Mori T, Morimitsu S, Morita E, Motomura K, Munekiyo M, Muratani H, Nagafuchi S*, Nagamatsu A, Nagamatsu N, Nagata O, Naito T, Nakaike R, Nakamura K, Nakamura T, Nakano H, Nakano H, Nakao R, Nakao T, Nakao Y, Nakata T, Nashiro K, Natori S, Nawata H*, Nishi Y, Nishida M, Nishihara S, Nishimoto S*, Nishiyama K, Nishiyama M, Nishiyama T, Noda K, Noda Y, Nohara M*, Noma M, Nomoto K, Notomi A*, Nozaki M, Numaguchi K, Obata H, Ochi T, Ogata A, Ogata H, Ogawa K, Ohnaka K, Ohya Y, Oike M, Okamatsu S, Okamoto S, Oketani K, Okita K, Okita T, Okubo T, Okura H, Omori K, Ono J, Origuchi H, Ota Y, Oyama J, Ozeki S, Sadamoto H, Sagara T, Saito N, Sakata T*, Sako Y, Sakuragawa K, Sanada J, Sasaki J, Sasaki K, Sasaki M, Senju N, Seto S, Setoguchi Y, Setoyama S*, Shibata Y*, Shibuya H, Shida M, Shigyo M, Shimabukuro M, Shimizu S, Shinagawa T, Shirahashi K, Shiraishi R, Shiraishi T, Shiromoto S, Shirono E, Shirouzu A, Sumii T, Suzuki S, Syojima T, Tabata K, Tabata S, Tada H, Tagami M, Tagawa T, Taguchi T, Taira M, Tajimi T, Takahara A, Takahara K, Takahara M, Takahashi A, Takano H, Takayama Y, Takazoe K, Takeda H, Takigami S, Takuma S, Tanaka K, Tanaka N*, Tanaka S, Tanaka Y, Tashima N, Tashiro E, Tashiro H, Tatsukawa M, Tawada M*, Tei C*, Togami S, Tokunaga N, Toma S, Tozawa M, Tsuji T, Tsukasa M, Tsuruta K, Uchida Y, Uchiyama S, Ueda K*, Uenomachi H, Urabe Y, Usuku N, Wakasugi H, Yakushiji Y, Yamada Y, Yamaguchi K*, Yamaguchi R, Yamaguchi T, Yamaguchi T, Yamamoto H, Yamamoto H, Yamamoto K, Yamashita A, Yamazato M, Yanagawa M, Yano K*, Yano M, Yara T, Yasutake T, Yokokawa Y, Yokoyama T, Yoshida M, Yoshida T, Yoshida T, Yoshimatsu H*, Yoshimura H, Yoshimura R.


Δεκεμβρίου 05, 2016

ΑΛΛΕΡΓΙΑ ΣΤΟ ΑΥΓΟ - ΓΡΙΠΗ


Παιδιά με αλλεργία στο αυγό που χρειάζονται δυο δόσεις εμβολίου γρίπης μπορούν να εμβολιαστούν;

Η απλή αλλεργία στο αυγό  δεν είναι αντένδειξη εμβολιασμού. Μόνο η βαριά αφυλακτική χρήση, απαιτεί ιδιαίτερεςπροφυλάξεις.

Μπορούν λοιπόν τα παιδιά να εμβολιαστούν. Σε παιδιά που χρειάζονται δεύτερη δόση, αυτή χορηγείται κανονικά εφόσον η πρώτη δόση έγινε καλά ανεκτή.

Προσοχή όμως, το εμβόλιο γρίπης συνιστάται για παιδιά υψηλού κινδύνου για γρίπη και όχι για μαζικό εμβολιασμό.



Δεκεμβρίου 03, 2016

ΣΤΑΦΥΛΟΚΟΚΚΙΚΗ ΕΝΔΟΚΑΡΔΙΤΙΔΑ





Αλλοιώσεις από έμβολα
σε ασθενή με 
σταφυλοκοκκική ενδοκαρδίτιδα.








Δεκεμβρίου 01, 2016

IOΣ COXSACKIE - ΜΕΤΑΔΟΣΗ


  • O ιός, υπεύθυνος για τη νόσο χειρών-ποδών-στόματος, βρίσκεται στις ρινοφαρυγγικές εκκρίσεις, στο υγρό των φυσαλλίδων και στα κόπρανα.
  • Η μετάδοση γίνεται με τα σταγονίδια (βήχας, πτάρνισμα), με επαφή  με τα κόπρανα, με επαφή με μολυσμένα αντικείμενα και επιφάνειες.
  • Ο ιός παραμένει στο περιβάλλον-επιφάνειες-επί μακρόν, έως και δύο εβδομάδες.
  • Συνεπώς τα χέρια παίζουν σημαντικότατο ρόλο στη μετάδοση.
  • Η μετάδοση γίνεται  κυρίως την πρώτη εβδομάδα της νόσου.
  • Μερικοί, συνήθως ενήλικες, μπορεί να είναι ασυμπτωματικοί και να μεταδίδουν.
  • Το παιδί απομακρύνεται από το σχολείο ή τον παιδικό σταθμό τις πρώτες λίγες ημέρες. 

Τα καθαρά χέρια είναι το πιο αποτελεσματικό μέτρο προφύλαξης. 


e-Medicine, August 2016
Pediatrics in Review, December 2016


Νοεμβρίου 30, 2016

ΑΙΣΘΗΤΗΡΕΣ ΣΤΟ ΔΕΡΜΑ


Μια μικροσυσκευή που προσκολλάται στο δέρμα (patch) μπορεί, συλλαμβάνοντας μικρή ποσότητα ιδρώτα, να δώσει διάφορες πληροφορίες: ισοζύγιο ηλεκτρολυτών, επίπεδο αφυδάτωσης, ολική απώλεια ύδατος, τιμές χλωρίου, γλυκόζης, pH, γαλακτικού οξέος κλπ.
Καλά νέα. Η επιστήμη προχωρά. 


Science Translational Medicine  23-11-2016


Νοεμβρίου 28, 2016

ΚΑΠΝΙΣΜΑ ΚΑΙ ΔΙΑΒΗΤΗΣ

Το να καπνίζεις είναι κακό.
Το να έχεις διαβήτη και να καπνίζεις και ειδικά πολύ, είναι χείριστο.
Με τον συνδυασμό αυξάνονται οι επιπλοκές τού διαβήτη και η θνητότητα από αυτόν.

MedlinePlus 25-11-2016